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How to Grow a Flower Container Garden for Beginners

Are you new to gardening and want to start slow? Do you only have a small garden area to work with? If so, flower container gardening is a great option. I’ll share my tips and tricks on how to grow and care for a beautiful flower container garden.

Container gardening is a great way to add a splash of color to your outdoor space when the garden’s perennial plants haven’t bloomed yet. These gorgeous containers filled with bright blooms provide instant color in the garden and are a great focal point early in the season.

Adding flower containers is also a perfect solution for those gardeners with a lack of space or for a beginning gardener.

greenhouse and flower containers on steps tips for planting flower containers

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I’m a self-taught hobby gardener, not a Master Gardener. Everything I share with you on my blog is my personal opinion and things that worked for me along the way.

summer flower containers and Adirondacks chairs

A flower container garden is a type of gardening that involves using containers or pots to grow different types of flowers. There are a variety of different containers such as terra cotta, ceramic, or plastic.

Container gardening is a great way to add color and interest to small spaces such as balconies, patios, or decks.

A beginning gardener may find flower container gardening less overwhelming when starting out. It’s easier to control watering, soil quality, and other care needs and maintenance flowers need.

fall flower container tips for planting

There are several reasons why growing a container garden can be a great choice. Here are some of the key benefits:

Container gardening is ideal for people with limited space, such as those living in an apartment, condo, or house with small years.

It allows you to make the most of your available space, whether it’s a balcony, patio, or even a sunny windowsill.

If you’re new to gardening, container gardening allows you to start small and gradually expand your garden as you gain experience and confidence.

Container gardens generally require less maintenance compared to traditional gardens. Weeding is minimal, and soil-borne diseases are less likely when using potting soil.

You can water and fertilize containers more efficiently as well.

Container gardens offer flexibility to move around to optimize sunlight exposure or rearrange them for aesthetic purposes.

This increased mobility option especially comes in handy if you’re renting or planning to move. This way, you can take your garden with you.

Container gardens are accessible to people of all ages and abilities. They can be positioned at a comfortable height, making gardening tasks more manageable, and reducing the need to bend or kneel.

Containers can be moved indoors during colder months, allowing you to extend the growing season and continue gardening year-round.

This is beneficial for growing herbs, salad greens, or certain vegetables that thrive in cooler temperatures.

With container gardening, you have more control over the growing environment.

You can choose the ideal soil mix for your plants, adjust watering and fertilizing routines to meet specific needs, and position the containers to maximize sunlight exposure.

pansies and gerbera daisies

Before you choose your flowers or container, consider the types of plants that will thrive in the growing season and the outdoor area you are growing them in.

How much sunlight and water your plants require is essential information when choosing plants for your containers.

container garden

When selecting your plants, make sure you read the plant tags or labels to know whether they grow best in sun or shade.

Mixing sun and shade-loving flowers in the same container is not a good idea.

Many sun-loving annual flowers are perfect for adding a splash of color to your garden or containers. Here are some ideas:

  • Geraniums
  • Petunias
  • Marigolds
  • Zinnias
  • Verbena
  • Herbs
white impatiens

Shade-Loving Annuals

If you have a shady garden spot that doesn’t get direct sunlight, there are plenty of annual flowers that can thrive in those conditions. Here are some shade-loving options:

  • Begonias
  • Impatiens
  • Coleus
  • Fuchsia
flower container garden

Container Options

When choosing a container for your flower garden, the opportunities are endless.

Galvanized tubs and buckets, barrels, window boxes, concrete containers, and terra cotta pots are all great options.

Keep these things in mind when choosing a container…

  • Large pots are better for plants with larger root systems.
  • Light-colored containers keep the soil cooler than darker ones.
  • Terra cotta pots can get easily damaged when freezing and then thawing in the winter so store them inside for the winter. They also tend to dry out quicker so it’s important to water them regularly.
  • If you’re going with a wood container, choose a naturally rot-resistant wood like cedar or pine-treated wood with a preservative.
  • Metal containers conduct heat so be careful with fluctuating temperatures for the plant’s roots.
drilling holes in a galvanized flower container


Proper drainage is essential for all garden containers. so make sure they have drainage holes on the bottom of the pot.

There’s a myth that you should put gravel or rocks in the container before adding dirt but after doing more research I found that it could hurt the plants by blocking the water from draining through the container.

If your pot or container doesn’t already have drainage holes, you will need to drill some yourself. The minimum hole should be 1/2″ in diameter for a small or medium pot, and 1″ for a larger one.

vintage whiskey barrel used for a flower container

Tips for Filling Large Planters

Some large containers are deep and filling them with dirt will make them heavier to lift and need to be filled with more dirt than you probably want to use.

There are several options to reduce the amount of potting soil you will need to fill the container.

  • Recycled Plastics: water bottles, grocery bags, or milk jugs.
  • Plastic Pots: used pots and containers from plants make great space holders for the bottom of a large flower container.
  • Packing Materials: packing peanuts, styrofoam peanuts. Avoid using packing peanuts made from corn because they will disintegrate when exposed to water.
  • Metal Cans: crush them and layer them to fill the bottom of the container
  • Natural Materials: leaves, wood chips, sticks, and pinecones. These will all break down over time so these will work better for seasonal planters that get repotted regularly.
vintage wooden barrel for flower container tips for planting

For a beautiful flower container, use a tall, showy plant (thriller), a bushy medium-sized plant (filler), and a trailing plant (spiller).

For the right flower-growing combination, make sure all the plants have the same light and water requirements.


A thriller plant has height and is the “attention-getter” of any flower container.

It’s the framework for the entire flower garden container. They’re usually tall upright plants with colorful foliage or dramatic show-stopping flowers that last all season.

Use at least 1 thriller plant in a container. If you can see all sides of the container, plant it in the center with the other plants placed around it. If the back of the container is up against something and not showing, plant the filler towards the back of the container.

Thriller options include:

  • Geraniums
  • Salvias
  • Ornamental grasses
  • Plants with bright, multi-colored leaves
summer flower containers


A filler plant is a flowering plant or foliage that compliments the thriller but doesn’t overwhelm it.

These plants will add color and mass overall and are a textural and colorful contrast. They tend to have smaller leaves and flowers. Their purpose is to fill the container arrangement throughout the season.

Try to use fillers that are between 1/3-2/3 the size of the thriller plant and that contrast in color, texture, and shape.

Filler options include:

  • Verbena
  • Salvia
  • Foliage plants
  • Vines when adding a trellis to the container
purple petunias and yellow marigolds in wooden planter


A spiller is the anchor for the container and is planted last.

These are trailing plants that spill over and out of the container and should be planted close to the edge. If the container will be seen from all sides, the spillers should also be planted on all sides. If the container will be viewed from only one side, these plants can be planted in the front of the container.

Spiller options include:

  • Petunias
  • Creeping zinnia
  • Bacopa
  • Creeping Charlie
  • Lobelia
  • Sweet potato vine
  • Creeping Jenny
herb container with sage, lavender and chives

Other Tips on Planting Flowers and Herb Containers

Consider the size and shape of the root system when planting the flowers and plants that will go into your containers. If there isn’t enough room for a plant’s roots and it becomes rootbound, it will probably dry out quicker than you can water it.

Make sure your mix of plants all needs the same light, water, and care. Shade-loving impatiens are probably not going to do well in the same container as a petunia that needs full sun.

When planting herbs I will usually use 5 or 6 plants for an 18″-24″ container.

hardening off geraniums on the deck

Make sure your plants are acclimated to the outdoor elements by hardening them off. This is the process where you start introducing the plant to more extreme weather temperatures, wind, sunlight, and overall exposure to the outdoor elements.

If you are buying your plants from a nursery or garden center, ask them if their plants have been acclimated to the outdoor elements.

verbena and geraniums in flower container tips for planting

Use pre-moistened quality soil for your containers, and feed your soil with slow-release fertilizer when planting your annuals.

flower containers on greenhouse steps

You can also fertilize every week or two with a liquid fertilizer like a fish emulsion seaweed blend.

Your potting soil should include organic matter such as compost. Adding a layer of fish compost to my containers every year helps to feed my plants, retain moisture, and give my containers a nice appearance.

fall flowers with cabbage

There are usually spacing guidelines on the plant labels, but I tend to break those rules when it comes to container gardening. I look forward to the flowers filling in as quickly as possible.

Have I gone overboard a few times? Of course, but not very often. And if the container does get too crowded, you can prune the plants back or take a plant or two out and move it to another flower container.

You want to still provide air circulation to prevent any pests or diseases in your flower containers.

watering flowers

Container plants require more frequent watering than those growing directly in the garden. Water whenever the soil surface feels dry to the touch.

During hot, sunny periods you’ll most likely have to water them every day. This is especially important for hanging baskets that dry out faster because they are buffeted by the wind.

Consider installing a drip irrigation system with a timer that waters your plants automatically every day.

Using landscape fabric is a great option to control excess water and promote proper drainage.

summer flowers in galvanized bucket

Both annual and perennial flowers need their old, faded blooms removed regularly. This process is called “deadheading,” which will not only encourage new blooms to be produced but will keep the plant from getting too leggy.

On larger varieties of plants, such as geraniums, clip away the spent flower heads with your fingers or pruning shears.

fall flowers and plants with pumpkins in galvanized container

Some annuals and perennials will begin to look tired by late summer no matter how much you take care of them. Remove the spent plants from the container and replace them with another plant.  

fall flower container urn

Once your annual flowers have died back, throw them in your compost pile and empty your containers. Ceramic and terra-cotta pots can crack if left outdoors over the winter with soil in them so store them indoors to avoid damaging them.

If you want to save any perennials or roses you have growing in containers, plant them directly in the garden before the frost.

fall container plants

The best time to start your flower container garden depends on the type of flowers you want to grow and your climate. Some flowers, such as pansies and snapdragons, can tolerate cooler temperatures and can be planted in the early spring.

Others, like petunias and marigolds, prefer warmer temperatures and can be planted after the last frost date in your area.

The number of flowers that should be planted in a container depends on the size of the container and the type of flowers being planted. As a general rule, it’s best to follow the “thriller, filler, spiller” approach. For smaller containers, one thriller plant, two or three filler plants, and one spiller plant should be a perfect combination

When deciding where to put a container garden, it’s important to know the specific needs of the plants you want to grow.

Most plants require six hours of sunlight a day, so choose a location that receives the proper lighting needs.

Make sure your flower container garden has access to water and is located in a spot where it won’t be damaged or knocked over.

Growing a flower container garden has many benefits.

It allows you to enjoy beautiful flowers even if you have limited space or live in an apartment or urban environment.

Container gardening is a great way to add color and interest to patios, balconies, and other outdoor living spaces.

Garden therapy reduces stress and anxiety.

Whether you’re an experienced gardener or a beginner, a flower container garden is a great way to enjoy beautiful flowers in a small space.

Perennial flowers come back year after year and require less maintenance than annuals.

However, it’s important to choose the right perennials for your container and growing conditions. Some perennials, like daylilies and hostas can grow too large to be in a small container. Others like coneflowers and black-eyed Susans are good choices for container gardens.

Look for varieties that are compatible with the sunlight and moisture in your growing area.

Yes, mixing herbs and flowers in a container garden can be a great way to create a pretty and functional container garden.

When choosing plants, look for herbs and flowers that have similar growing requirements and visually complement each other. Be careful that they will not overcrowd each other in the container or pot.

Container planting ideas are endless and there are so many beautiful flowers and edible plants you can grow in outdoor planters or balcony container gardens.

You can visit garden centers or local nurseries for more container garden ideas specific to your hardiness zone.

A flower container garden is a great place to start for beginner gardeners and can also provide instant color to your outdoor space.

If you have any questions or additional suggestions, feel free to share them in the comments below. And be sure to share this blog post link with anyone who may find these gardening tips useful.

Until next time,

Happy Container Planting!

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