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How to Grow Beautiful Zinnias Indoors From Seed

Have you dreamed of growing a cut garden full of beautiful zinnia flowers? I’ll share my tips on growing zinnias from seed indoors, how to transplant seedlings into the garden, and caring for them throughout the season.

grow zinnias from seed: pink zinnias

Zinnias are beautiful cut flowers that are perfect for beginner gardeners. They’re extremely easy to grow and maintain and are one of the most reliable annual flowers in the summer garden.

Zinnia plants are also one of the easiest flowers to grow indoors from seed.

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Note: I am not a Master Gardener, but a self-taught hobby gardener who shares my opinions and what has worked for me in the garden.

Persian carpet zinnias in garden

grow zinnias from seed:  light pink and lime zinnias

Why are Zinnias the Perfect Cutting Flower to Grow?

Zinnias are the perfect cut flower for any summer or early fall bouquet.

  • Several zinnia varieties with bright and beautiful colors and mixes are available when you grow your zinnias from seed.
  • Their daisy-like flowerheads on a single straight stem make them a welcome addition to any summer floral arrangement.
  • Zinnias are a low-maintenance plant that attracts pollinators to your garden.
  • The more you cut, the more beautiful flowers the plant will produce.
  • Zinnias will continue to produce new blooms until the first fall frost.

Growing zinnias by seed: zinnia seeds indoors

When to Grow Zinnias Indoors from Seed

When starting indoors, sow zinnia seeds 4-6 weeks before the season’s last frost. You can find your average last frost date HERE.

If you plant zinnia seeds earlier than the recommended time frame, the seedlings will quickly outgrow their pots before the weather has warmed enough to put them out into the garden.

Zinnias can also be sown directly in the ground as soon as the threat of freezing has passed.

growing zinnias seeds indoors

Supplies You’ll Need to Sow Zinnia Seeds

empty 72-cell tray in greenhouse

Steps for Sowing Zinnia Seeds Indoors

Step 1 – Choose a Clean Plant Container With Drainage Holes

Seed-starting containers should be clean and have drainage holes. You can read my blog post, Supplies Needed for Seed Starting, for several container optionsI use cell trays and plastic pots for my seed containers.

If you’re reusing old plastic containers or trays, wash them thoroughly with a 1-part bleach/ 9-part water solution to help kill any lingering diseases or pathogens.

You can read more about how to clean your used containers in my post, Seed Starting 101 – Growing a Cut Flower Garden Series.

72-cell tray filled with seed starting mix to grow zinnia seeds

Step 2 – Fill Containers with Moistened Seed Starter Mix

Before adding seed starting mix or potting soil to the container or seed trays, moisten until thoroughly damp but not soaking wet.

Fill the cell trays or container to the top with the moistened seed starter mix. As you go, tap firmly against the table or shelf to ensure the soil settles and prevent air pockets in the containers.


I recommend using a quality organic seed starter potting mix rather than a regular potting soil when sowing your zinnias seeds for the following reasons:

  • lightweight and has a finer texture and higher porosity than regular potting soil, allowing for better oxygen access for seed germination.
  • contains fewer nutrients, which is beneficial because it prevents seedlings from becoming leggy and weak
  • less likely to contain weed seeds and disease organisms, which can be problematic with a regular potting mix
  • usually formulated to maintain a more consistent moisture content, which is vital for successful seed germination

You can make the seed starting mix go even further by filling the bottom half of the container with regular potting soil and then filling the rest with the seed starting mix, where the seeds will be placed.

labeling containers

Step 3 – Label or Tag the Containers

Label the container with the name of the variety of plants and the date planted.

You would be surprised by how easy it is to forget what you’ve planted in a particular container after only a few days.

making holes to place zinnia seeds in soil

Step 4 – Sow the Zinnia Seeds

Sow two seeds per container or cell by creating a 1-half-inch hole into the soil in 2 opposite corners. You can use a pencil, dibbler, or even your finger to make a hole.

Add a light dusting of seed starter potting mix or vermiculite, covering the seeds.

drainage tray

Step 5 – Bottom Water Your Seed Containers

After sowing the flower seeds, set the container in a drainage tray with an inch of water in the bottom if needed. It’s important not to let the container sit in the water for more than an hour.

It’s important not to overhead water after you’ve placed the seeds in the container. You may wash the seeds away and have to start the process over again.

Watering from the bottom allows the roots to be watered thoroughly.

supplies for zinnia seed starting indoors

Step 6 –Place Seed Container on a Heat Mat and Cover

Place the container on a heated mat or in a warm corner of your house, and cover it with a clear plastic dome. This will help speed up the seed-starting germination process.

Step 7 – Pick the Indoor Right Location

Keep your seed starts in a light and bright space, such as a greenhouse or sunroom. If you don’t have that option, keep the seedlings under a grow light.

Step 8 – Continue Watering

Continue to check the soil moistness every 2-3 days. Bottom water again as needed.

Check your containers every other day or so and bottom water when the soil looks and feels dry. Remove the tray of water once the soil surface is evenly moist.

supplies for zinnia seed starting indoors

Growing Zinnias After the Seeds Have Germinated

Step 1 – Remove Heat Mat and Uncover the Container

Check the seed container daily. Once the seeds have germinated and the sprouts are visible, remove the clear dome lid and the seedlings from the heated mat.

Step 2 – Continue to Water When Needed

Check the seedlings daily to ensure the soil doesn’t dry out.

The very first leaves that appear on the young plants are called cotyledons. Be sure to bottom water your seedlings until you see the first real leaves that appear after the cotyledons.

Once those second sets of leaves appear, water with a gentle spray from a watering can or hose when needed, usually every 1-2 days.

zinnia seed starts indoors in greenhouse

Step 3 – Transplant the Zinnia Seedlings if Needed

If your seedlings start to outgrow their containers before they’re ready to be planted outdoors, you’ll need to transplant them into a larger container while still growing inside. It’s important to give the roots more room to grow.

hardening off seedlings outdoors

Step 4 – Harden Off the Zinnia Seedlings

After all danger of frost has passed, you can begin “hardening off” your zinnia plants before transplanting them into the garden flower beds. 

Don’t skip this process! Your plants will go into shock by the sudden change in temperature.

Set the containers in a sheltered spot outdoors, increasing the time they spend outside each day over a week or two. I usually start with 2-3 hours on the first day.

raised bed  layered with mulch

Prepare the Garden Beds for Zinnia Seedlings

Zinnias love heat and full sun, so plan for a location to meet their needs.

This annual plant can be adaptable to most soil conditions. But zinnias will thrive when planted in well-drained soil and organic matter is added.

transplanting zinnia seeds to the garden

After acclimating to the outdoor temperatures, transplant the zinnia seed starts into the garden once the threat of frost has passed.

It’s recommended to succession sow zinnias every 2-3 weeks to have non-stop blooming into fall. I personally have never had to do that. I’ve always had colorful flowers until the first frost.

raised beds in cut flower garden and zinnia seedlings

Check the back of your seed packet for spacing directions. Zinnia plants get very bushy and need extra room to spread out, so space plants at least 9-12 inches apart.

Give zinnias lots of space. Good air circulation will help prevent pests and fungal diseases like powdery mildew.

grow zinnias from seed: netting to support zinnias

Transplant Zinnia Seedlings to the Garden

Care Plan for Your Zinnias

Support Plants Early

Once planted in the ground, zinnias grow quickly, so be sure to stake them early while they are still young.

I use both the corral method and netting to support my zinnias.

As the plant’s long stems grow taller, add another layer of twine or raise the netting to keep the wind and hard rains from damaging the zinnias.

grow zinnias from seed: lilliput zinnia flowers

Water Your Zinnias Regularly

Create a plan to make sure your zinnias will be watered regularly in the garden.

For convenience and efficiency, I set up soaker hoses and drip irrigation in the raised garden beds. These watering systems ensure that my zinnias will never dry, even when I’m on vacation.

grow zinnias from seed:  Lilliput variety of zinnias

Pinch Zinnia Plants

To get the longest stems possible, you should pinch them when they’re young seedlings.

Once the zinnia plants are 12 inches tall and have at least three sets of leaves on each stalk, snip 3-4 inches off the top, just above the leaf joint, with clean, sharp pruners.

Pinching the seedling signals the plant to send up multiple stems and side shoots from below where the cut was made.

Here are some of the benefits of pinching…

  • Encourages the plant to branch from the base
  • Promotes higher flower production
  • Produces longer stems

harvesting zinnias

Harvest Your Zinnias for More Blooms

Zinnias should be cut when fully seasoned or mature. Hold the stem about 8 inches below the flower head and shake it gently.

If the stem bends or is droopy, it’s not ready to be harvested. But strong stems are a sign that the flower is ready to be harvested.

Zinnias are considered a “dirty flower,” which means the water in the vase will discolor faster than other flowers. Add a drop or two of bleach to the water to help it stay clean.

The freshly harvested zinnia flowers should last 7-10 days in a vase if flower preservatives are added. They are very cold-sensitive, so it’s important not to put them in a cooler.

grow zinnias from seed: variety of zinnias in cut flower garden

Deadhead Spent Flower Heads

If there are spent flower heads, even after harvesting your zinnias, be sure to deadhead them to help focus the plant’s energy on producing new flowers without going to seed.

Deadheading is the process of trimming the old flowers, which encourages new plant growth.

grow zinnias from seed:  pollinated zinnia blooms

The Most Common Mistakes Made When Growing Zinnias

Do you want to grow the most beautiful zinnias? Avoid these common mistakes, and you’ll be a pro in no time.

  • Not adding support like netting, staking, or corraling at the time you plant your seedlings outdoors.
  • Planting too close together, creating powdery mildew and crowding. This also reduces the plant’s flower production.
  • Not pinching the plants after they’ve reached 12 inches in height.

basket full of zinnia flower heads for seed collection

FAQ About Zinnias

Q: Do zinnias come back every year?

A: Zinnias are annual plants, so they don’t return every year. Annual flowers complete their life cycle in one year.

Save the seeds of your zinnia flower heads and sow them the following year.

grow zinnias from seed: bees pollinating

Q: How long do zinnias bloom?

A: Zinnias usually start blooming in early spring and die off after the year’s first frost.

Q: How tall do zinnias grow?

A: Most zinnias grown for cut flowers are taller varieties and grow between 1-4 feet. The tallest zinnias are in the Benary’s Giant Series and grow as high as 4 feet.

The zinnia plants you find at a nursery or garden center tend to be shorter varieties to plant in window boxes and flower containers.

Q: Do zinnias need full sun?

A: Yes, they need 6-8 hours of full sun.

Q: When do you plant zinnias?

A: Plant zinnia seedlings in late spring after the danger of frost has passed.

Q: How hard is it to grow zinnias?

A: Zinnias are one of the easiest flowers to grow from seed and are low maintenance. The seeds germinate quickly.

Q: Do zinnias have pest and disease issues?

A: If you space your plants in the garden beds as directed, it will minimize the risk of spreading disease. Use horticultural oils or insecticidal soap to treat any disease or pest problems.

grow zinnias from seed: pink zinnia

If you plan on growing a cut flower garden, zinnias will be one of your favorite flowers.

They are easy to grow and have the most colorful varieties to choose from, especially if you’re growing zinnias from seed.

I hope these tips on growing zinnias from seed indoors have helped. I’d love to hear from you in the comments below.

Until next time,

Happy Gardening!

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  1. Zinnias are one of my favorite flowers and I plant them every year, ifo on starting from seed indoors was very helpful. Thank you for sharing your knowledge.

    1. Zinnias are such dependable and beautiful summer cut flowers. I’m so happy you found the blog post to be helpful. Thank you for being here.

  2. It says to remember to pinch off the zinnias when they are 12 inches tall but earlier it says to pinch /cli them off above the third set of true leaves. Does this mean I should pinch them off twice?

    1. Hi Karen,
      You should pinch the seedlings above the third set of true leaves, which should be there if the plant is around 12 inches tall. Does that make sense? You can email me at kim@shiplapandshells.com if you have further questions. Thank you for reaching out.

  3. Zinnnias are so fun to grow and I’m so excited to start them again this year. What a great post! Cant wait to see the gardens this year! xo

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